# Average Order Value (AOV)

Guide to Understanding Average Order Value (AOV)

## How to Calculate AOV (Step-by-Step)

By measuring the average order value (AOV), a company – most often operating in the e-commerce vertical – can obtain insights regarding the spending patterns of its customers.

In particular, tracking the average order value metric can help understand if upselling/cross-selling efforts have been paying off.

• Upselling: Strategy to convince existing customers to upgrade to different products or plans with higher pricing (i.e. upgrade)
• Cross-Selling: Offering complimentary (or related) products to existing customers

If so, the company’s average order value over time should reflect a positive trend line moving upward year-over-year (YoY), which is a positive signal that the current strategy in working as planned.

Clearly, companies desire their customers to spend more in each order, as this implies their product/service offerings are complementary.

## AOV Formula

The formula for calculating the average order value is as follows:

Average Order Value (AOV) = Total Revenue ÷ Number of Orders Placed

Similar to the average selling price (ASP) and average revenue per user (ARPU) metrics, the core of the average order value KPI is a price metric divided by a volume metric, which is the inverse of the traditional bottom-up revenue forecast.

• Price Metric → Total Revenue (\$)
• Volume Metric → Number of Orders Placed (#)

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## How to Interpret Average Order Value (AOV)

Companies can increase their AOV by identifying and segmenting their top customers – i.e. higher % of total revenue contribution – and then delivering them personalized sales and marketing tactics.

Not only does this encourage these high-value customers to purchase more and increase their AOV, but it also helps with customer retention.

Furthermore, patterns can be recognized where the top customers share traits, which can help guide the go-to-market strategy – i.e. target more similar customers as market demand (and value-add) has been confirmed.

In addition, companies can better understand the needs of their customers and introduce new products/services to address those needs appropriately – developed either internally or via M&A.

## AOV Calculator – Excel Template

We’ll now move to a modeling exercise, which you can access by filling out the form below.

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## eCommerce Average Order Value Calculation Example (AOV)

Suppose an e-commerce company generated \$2 million in net sales last year, 2021, with 100,000 total orders.

• Total Net Sales = \$2 million
• Number of Orders = 100,000

Upon dividing the company’s net sales figure by the order count, we arrive at the company’s AOV.

• Average Order Value (AOV) = \$2 million / 100,000 = \$20

Here, our company’s AOV is equal to \$20 – the typical customer order size.

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